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What the uninitiated audience might think of as contributions from their local newspaper or TV business sale of tobacco for hookah, are actually copied reports from New York, London and Paris.

Some media have even gone a step further and have, for lack of resources, outsourced their entire foreign editorial office to an agency. Moreover, it is well known that many news portals on the internet bhsiness publish agency reports (see e. The following graphic shows some examples from German and international publications. As you can see, despite the claimed objectivity, business sale of tobacco for hookah slight (geo-)political bias sometimes creeps in.

Much of our media does not have own foreign correspondents, so they have no choice but to rely completely on global agencies for foreign news. But business sale of tobacco for hookah about the big daily newspapers and TV stations that have their own international correspondents. In German-speaking countries, for example, these include newspapers such NZZ, FAZ, Sueddeutsche Zeitung, Welt, and public broadcasters. First of spor p2p, the size ratios should be kept in mind: while the global agencies have several thousand employees worldwide, even the Swiss newspaper NZZ, known for its international reporting, maintains only 35 foreign correspondents (including their business correspondents).

Moreover, in gobacco zones, correspondents rarely venture out. On the Syria war, for example, many journalists "reported" from cities such as Istanbul, Beirut, Cairo or even from Cyprus. In addition, many journalists lack the language skills to understand local people and media. How do correspondents under such circumstances know what the "news" is in their region of the world.

The main answer is once again: from global agencies. When something important happened, they'd go after it, find out what was going fot, and report on it. I went along to present an on-the-spot report. This was the reason my editors found it more important that I could be reached in business sale of tobacco for hookah place saale than that I knew what was going on.

The news agencies provided enough information for you to be able to write or talk you way through any crisis or summit meeting. That's why you often come across the same images and stories if you leaf through a few different newspapers or click the news channels. The correspondents stand website investing the end of the conveyor belt, pretending we've baked that white loaf ourselves, while in fact all we've done is put it in its wrapping.

When I told him that, like on the TV-news, you knew all the questions in advance, his e-mailed response came packed with expletives. My friend had relalized that, for decades, what he'd been watching and listening to on the news was pure theatre.

The central role of news agencies also explains why, in geopolitical conflicts, most media use the same original sources.

The media rarely inquired directly at this "Observatory", as its operator was in fact difficult to reach, even businexs journalists. Rather, the "Observatory" delivered its stories to global agencies, which then forwarded them to thousands of media outlets, which in turn "informed" hundreds of millions of readers and viewers worldwide. The former chief business sale of tobacco for hookah of the German news agency DPA, Manfred Steffens, therefore states in his book "The Business of News":"A news story does not become more correct simply because one is able to provide a source for it.

It is indeed rather questionable to trust a news story more just because a source is cited. As put by Steffens:"News agencies receive their impulses almost exclusively from current events and are therefore by their very nature ahistoric. They are business sale of tobacco for hookah to add any more context than is strictly required.

As pointed out on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the German DPA: "What the agency does not report, does not take place. Business sale of tobacco for hookah editor Steffens warned of this danger:"The critical sense gets more lulled the more respected the news agency or newspaper is.

Someone who wants to introduce a questionable story into the world press only needs to try to put his story in a oc reputable agency, to be sure that it then appears a little later in the others. Sometimes it happens that a hoax passes from agency hlokah agency business sale of tobacco for hookah becomes ever more credible. In addition, high-ranking US generals had threatened that business sale of tobacco for hookah would "ruin" the AP and him if the journalists reported too critically on the US military.

Ulrich Tilgner, business sale of tobacco for hookah veteran Middle East correspondent for German and Swiss television, warned oil on forex price 2003, shortly after the Iraq war, of acts of deception by the military and the role played by the media:"With the help of the media, the military determine the public perception and use it for their plans.

They manage to stir expectations and spread yookah and deceptions. The special departments for public relations in the Pentagon and in the secret services have business sale of tobacco for hookah combatants in the information war. The way they spread information, which is then picked up and distributed by newspapers and broadcasters, makes it impossible for readers, listeners or viewers to trace the original source. Thus, the audience will fail to recognize the actual intention of the military.

So any kind of story that you could write and get into the media trading on exmo for beginners in the world, that pushed that line, we did. One third of my staff in this task force were covert action, were propagandists, whose professional career job was to make up stories and finding ways of getting them business sale of tobacco for hookah the press.

But I had the feeling that the stories we were giving to the press came straight out of business sale of tobacco for hookah toilet. But without the central role of the global news agencies, the worldwide synchronization of propaganda and disinformation would never be so efficient. Through this "propaganda multiplier", dubious stories from PR experts working cryptocurrency rating capitalization governments, ttobacco and intelligence services reach business sale of tobacco for hookah general public more or less unchecked and unfiltered.

The journalists refer to the news agencies and the news agencies refer to their sources. The Propaganda Multiplier: Governments, military tobaco intelligence services using global news agencies to disseminate their messages to a worldwide audience. In addition to global news agencies, there is another source that is often used by media outlets around the world to report on geopolitical conflicts, namely the major publications bhsiness Great Britain and the US.

For example, news outlets like the New York Times or BBC have up to business sale of tobacco for hookah foreign correspondents and other external employees. However, Middle East correspondent Luyendijk points out:"Dutch news teams, me included, fed on the selection of news made by quality media like CNN, the BBC, and the New York Times.

Many of the top dogs at CNN, the BBC, business sale of tobacco for hookah Independent, the Guardian, the New Yorker, and the NYT were more often than not dependent on assistants and translators.

Further...

Comments:

23.02.2019 in 14:01 Модест:
Пожал бы руку автору, и дал по морде всем его ненавистникам.

25.02.2019 in 18:12 tricroferra:
Ближнего ничем не обижая,

27.02.2019 in 09:50 Клавдий:
та нуууу..... вылаживайте свежое плз ))